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Синхронизация с iCloud или резервные копии: какая разница и что лучше

Синхронизация с iCloud или резервные копии: какая разница и что лучше?

Прочие тематики

Несмотря на кажущуюся простоту, проблема весьма актуальна для многих владельцев iPhone и iPad. Зачастую, приобретая новое устройство, пользователь восстанавливает его из резервной копии iTunes, даже когда в этом нет необходимости.

Синхронизация с iCloud или резервные копии

Итак, чтобы понять, нужно ли производить резервное копирование или можно ограничиться синхронизацией через iCloud, следует разобраться с этими двумя понятиями.

ПО ТЕМЕ: Как закачать книги на iPhone и iPad бесплатно и без компьютера.

Solution 1. Unlock Photos Library on Mac

If you use a Mac, sometimes some folders cannot be found by iTunes because iOS cares about your privacy very much. You might need to manually unlock the folder to allow iTunes to read that folder and sync photos to iPhone.

Step 1. Go to Finder > Pictures > Photos Library.

Step 2. Right Click Photo Library > select Get Info.

Step 3. Click the lock icon in the lower-left corner to unlock the folder.

Photo Library Info Lock

2. Local sync and transfer

Even if you do subscribe to Apple music cloud services, you may want to transfer music directly from your computer to your iPhone, iPad or iPod without going through the cloud. By transferring music directly, you make sure that the tracks you transfer are immediately available on your Apple mobile device, regardless of present or future internet connectivity.

To do so, you can use Apple’s tools or 3rd party tools such as iMazing. The difference? iMazing focuses on simply adding tracks to your mobile device, where as Apple is more sync oriented, which can be confusing if you don’t know what you’re doing.

For instructions on syncing music with Apple tools, you can refer to Apple’s documentation:

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Syncing with iTunes on a Windows PC:

Syncing with the Finder on macOS 10.15 and above, or iTunes on legacy macOS versions:

iMazing Music

iMazing is great for quickly adding tracks to your mobile devices. You can easily add tracks straight from a folder without even importing them to iTunes or the macOS Music app:

And you can even drag and drop tracks straight from iTunes or Music to your iPhone by drag and dropping tracks.

How to quickly transfer songs from iTunes or Music to an iPhone, iPad or iPod touch:

  1. Launch iMazing and connect your device to your Mac or PC
  2. Select your device in the sidebar, then click on the Music icon
  3. Drag and drop the song(s) from iTunes or Music to iMazing

Drag and drop from Music to iMazing

You can also drop the tracks on a playlist to both add the music to the mobile device AND to the corresponding playlist. Easy!

💡 Drag and dropping tracks from your iTunes or Music library via iMazing will work with local tracks only. If you see a little cloud download icon next to the track, click it to download the track first and then drag and drop. Note that Apple Music tracks cannot be drag and dropped like this – you don’t really own the tracks, which are encrypted and protected by DRM. Apple Music tracks are meant to be synced automatically.

Back Up, Syncing, and Transferring Purchases in iTunes

When you plug your iPhone/iPad/iPod Touch into your computer and run iTunes, there are three forms of communication that you can request between your computer and the device: syncing, backing up, and transferring purchases.

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Menu of options for moving files between your iPhone and iTunes

Backing Up

Somewhat infrequently, iTunes will make a backup of your device. You can tell this is happening because the iTunes status window (at the top of the iTunes window) will say “Backing up Device Name.” You can also force a backup in iTunes by pressing the «Back Up Now» button in the device summary section of iTunes.

The device backups contains all of the device’s data that isn’t put there via a sync. The reasoning for this is that items you sync to a device are already stored on your computer, and if you lose them on your device, they can just be synced again.

  • Apps themselves are not backed up (because they are re-downloaded from the App Store, or synced via iTunes) but the data stored by that app is backed up.
  • Music is not backed up, because it is synced or downloaded from iCloud music or the iTunes store.
  • The camera roll is backed up, but your synced photo libraries are not backed up.
  • iBooks PDFs are not backed up. Here’s a whole separate post about how iOS stores iBooks PDFs, covering both cases of whether you sync your iBooks in iCloud or not.
  • Voicemails, text messages, notes, voice memos, etc are all backed up.
  • The link above also discusses how passwords and Activity data are not backed up unless the backup is encrypted.

If you ever need to restore your device, the data from the last backup is used. For the most part, when you make a new backup in iTunes, iTunes just updates/overwrites the previous backup.

I have to say it explicitly once in this article: Syncing does not make a backup. To force a backup in iTunes, press the «Back Up Now» button in the device summary section of iTunes.

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Syncing is the most common communication between iTunes and your device, and it is what usually happens when you plug your iPhone into your computer. During a sync, iTunes makes sure that items on your computer are transferred to your iPhone. Photos, music, movies, etc that are stored on your computer and selected to sync in iTunes will be copied to your device if they are not already there.

Selecting which photos you want to sync in with your iPhone in iTunes

The one caveat to this is if you sync contacts or calendars in iTunes. In that case, iTunes tries it’s best to reconcile contacts/events on your computer with what is on your iPhone and make both up-to-date with each other. This is a two-way transfer, versus every other sync, that is strictly computer to device.

Transferring Purchases

After reading about syncing, you may be thinking to yourself, “so how to do I get stuff I bought on my iPhone to my computer if syncing doesn’t do it?” Good question 🙂

You copy music, movies, ringtones, and iBooks purchased from the iTunes Store/iBooks Store from your device to your computer by going to the File menu in iTunes -> Devices -> Transfer Purchases from “Your Device Name”.

How to transfer music from your iPhone to iTunes

Bonus Confusion: Transferring PDFs from iBooks

iBooks PDFs used to be stored in the iPhone backups, but those PDFs are no longer part of the backup. This post used to contain the crazy workaround to get the iBooks PDFs into iTunes, but thankfully that’s no longer necessary. Update: I wrote a whole separate post on copying iBooks PDFs to your computer, since the question is so popular. and so confusing.

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Decipher Media makes Decipher Tools software to address common iPhone, iPad, and iPod needs like documenting text messages, photo recovery, and fixing broken iPhone backups.

How to use iTunes to sync calendar appointments between Outlook and your iOS device

Connect your iPhone to your PC. Open iTunes. Click on the icon for your phone. In the Settings section for your iPhone, click the entry for Info. Check the box to Sync Calendars With Outlook. Uncheck the box for Do Not Sync Events Older Than 30 days if you wish to sync older appointments. Then click the Apply or Sync button in the lower right (Figure A).

Figure A


Open the Calendar app on your iPhone and go to Calendar view in Outlook to make sure your calendar events are now in sync between the two (Figure B).

Figure B


How to Sync iPhone to iPad using iTunes

By using iTunes, you can sync specific categories like Apps, Music, Movies, TV Shows, Podcasts, and Photos on your iPad and iPhone.

Step 1. Run iTunes on your computer and connect your iPhone/iPad via a USB cable.

Step 2. Click on your phone icon when it appears on the interface.

Step 3. Choose the type of content you want to sync from the left pane.

Step 4. Check the box next to each item that you want to sync.

Step 5. Click on «Apply» at the bottom right of the window, and then all data you choose will be synced to iTunes. Next time, you can restore this data to any of your devices with iTunes .

Sync iPhone and iPad via iTunes

Open iTunes on your computer, but do not connect the iPad with the USB data cable.

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Press the “Alt-E” keys to launch the iTunes Edit menu.

Click “Preferences,” then click the “Devices” tab to open the iTunes Preferences menu.

Click the “Prevent iPods, iPhones and iPads from Syncing Automatically” check box to clear the box, then click “OK.”

Close iTunes, then restart the application. Automatic syncing is disabled for the iPad and other registered iOS devices.

  • Apple: iCloud — Change iCloud Feature Settings
  • Apple: iTunes 11 for Windows — Sync Your Devices Over a Wi-Fi Network
  • The iPad Guide: How Can I Turn Off iPad Auto-Sync?
  • You can still manually sync your iPad with iTunes when automatic syncing is disabled.
  • If you are decommissioning your iPad, you can also remove your iPad from your iTunes Store account. Open your iTunes Store Accounts Settings page, then click “Manage Devices.” Click the “Remove” option next to the iPad entry.
  • Note that iCloud syncing must be enabled to use the Find My iPhone feature.
  • Note that disabling syncing on the iPad does not disable sending and receiving email from the device.
  • Apple recommends that you back up and archive your iCloud data before disabling the service.
  • Information in these steps applies to iTunes, version 11 and above. Instructions may vary slightly or significantly for other versions.

Based in the live music capital of the world, Tammy Columbo continues to work in the information technology industry as she has done for more than 10 years. While living in Austin, Columbo has contributed to high profile projects for the State of Texas, Fortune 500 technology companies and various non-profit organizations. Columbo began writing professionally in 2009.

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